MacOS Server 5.4 (beta 3) MAC OS X

IntroductionOverview of services in macOSBefore you upgrade to macOS Server 5.4Install macOS Server 5.4Convert to APFSUpgrade To macOS Server 5.4Create macOS Bootable Installers Directory Services Create an Open Directory Master Open Directory Replica Promote An Open Directory Replica To A Master Manage Users using the Server app Manage Groups using the Server app Demote an Open Directory. Mac OS Server 5.4 included all listed services. MacOS Server 5.6.3 and later appears to still include all listed services but many of them are now hidden on the main Server application administration window.

macOS Big Sur takes the most advanced operating system in the world to a whole new level of power and beauty, making your apps look better than ever on an all-new interface. New widget features and the new widget gallery help you deliver more value to your users. Adding intelligence to your apps with machine learning is even simpler and more extensive with new tools, models, training capabilities, and APIs. You can create more powerful Mac versions of your iPad apps with Mac Catalyst. And you can now easily bring your extensions to Safari — and to the App Store.

All-new Interface

macOS Big Sur brings a new design that’s been finely tuned for the powerful features that make a Mac a Mac. Core features, such as the menu bar and Dock, take advantage of the large Mac display, with translucent backings and spacious pull-down menus. The new Control Center, designed just for Mac, provides quick access to controls while keeping the menu bar clutter-free. Notification Center puts recent notifications and powerful new widgets together in a single view for at-a-glance information as you work. And a streamlined new design for apps features full-height sidebars and integrated toolbar buttons.

Widgets

Easily build widgets using the WidgetKit framework and the new widget API for SwiftUI. Widgets now come in multiple sizes, and users can visit the new widget gallery to search, preview sizes, and add them to Notification Center to access important details at a glance.

Safari Extensions

With support for the popular WebExtension API, it’s even easier to bring powerful extensions to Safari. Xcode 12 even includes a porting tool to streamline the process.

The new Extensions category on the Mac App Store showcases Safari extensions, with editorial spotlights and top charts to help users discover and download great extensions from the developer community.

Machine Learning

With macOS Big Sur, creating apps that leverage the power of machine learning is even easier and more extensive with additional tools in Core ML for model deployment, new models and training capabilities in Create ML, more APIs for vision and natural language, and improved resources for training on Mac and converting models to Core ML format.

Mac Catalyst

Create even more powerful Mac versions of your iPad apps. Apps built with Mac Catalyst now take on the new look of macOS Big Sur and help you better define the look and behavior of your apps. You can choose to turn off automatic scaling of iPad controls and layout, allowing you to precisely place every pixel on the screen. Provide full control of your app using just the keyboard, take advantage of the updated Photos picker, access more iOS frameworks, and more.

User privacy on the App Store.

Later this year, the Mac App Store will help users understand apps’ privacy practices. You’ll need to enter your privacy practice details into App Store Connect for display on your product page.

Tools and resources

Use Xcode 12 and these resources to build apps for macOS Big Sur.

Article ID = 181
Article Title = macOS Server 5.4-5.6.3 Frequently Asked Questions FAQ
Article Author(s) = Graham Needham (BH)
Article Created On = 25th September 2017
Article Last Updated = 10th October 2018
Article URL = https://www.macstrategy.com/article.php?181
Article Brief Description:
Frequently Asked Questions about macOS Server 5.4-5.6.3

macOS Server 5.4-5.6.3 Frequently Asked Questions

WARNING: As of September 2018 Apple has gutted macOS Server and removed most/all of the useful Server features!
Q. When will macOS Server 5.4 be available?
A. macOS Server 5.4 was released on the 25th September 2017 - it was replaced with macOS Server 5.7.1 on the 28th September 2018. However, you can still purchase/download it from the Mac App Store.
Q. How much does macOS Server 5.4-5.6.3 cost?
A. £19.99.MacOS Server 5.4 (beta 3) MAC OS X
Q. What's the difference between Server 5.6.3 and earlier versions?
A. macOS Server 5.4.x/5.5.x includes multiple services.
A. macOS Server 5.6.x includes multiple services - you get all the services but some of them may be hidden in the Server administration application (you can unhide them).
Q. Apple's Server software used to cost £100s. Why is it so cheap?
A. macOS Server is not the same beast that older versions of Apple's Server software used to be and it will be further gutted in the future. But for the significantly low cost versus the currently provided services it's pretty good value for money - just don't plan to run a business with these services for the mid to long-term. The following services are included with macOS Server 5.4-5.6.3:
  • Standard Services
    • Calendar - hidden in macOS Server 5.6.x
    • Contacts - hidden in macOS Server 5.6.x
    • Mail - hidden in macOS Server 5.6.x
    • Messages - hidden in macOS Server 5.6.x
    • Profile Manager
    • VPN - hidden in macOS Server 5.6.x
    • Websites (Apache) - hidden in macOS Server 5.6.x
    • Wiki - hidden in macOS Server 5.6.x
  • Advanced Services
    • DHCP - hidden in macOS Server 5.6.x
    • DNS - hidden in macOS Server 5.6.x
    • NetInstall - hidden in macOS Server 5.6.x
    • Open Directory
    • Software Update - hidden in macOS Server 5.6.x
    • Xsan
    • RADIUS - hidden in macOS Server 5.6.x
    • Airport Management - hidden in macOS Server 5.6.x
Macos server 5.4 (beta 3) mac os x 10.13You should note that the following services that may have been in older versions of Apple's server software products are not included in macOS Server:
  • File Sharing (replaced with service in macOS client)
  • Time Machine server (replaced with service in macOS client - network Time Machine backups supported over SMB only)
  • FTP
  • Caching (replaced with service in macOS client)
  • Xcode (replaced with Xcode for macOS client)
  • WebMail
  • MailMan (can be built and installed manually)
  • Auto Vacation Replies
  • Podcast Producer
  • Podcast Publisher
  • Server Status Dashboard widget
  • Management of Non-macOS Server 5.4-5.6.3 Servers
  • Firewall (replaced with service in macOS client)
  • NAT (replaced with service in macOS client)
  • MySQL (replaced with PostgreSQL)
  • Mobile Access
  • Print
  • Tomcat
  • Axis
  • QuickTime Streaming Server (QTSS)
Q. Apple has said many services are being hidden/removed from Spring 2018. How does this affect macOS Server and what I can do with it?
A. mac OS Server 5.4 included all listed services. macOS Server 5.6.3 and later appears to still include all listed services but many of them are now hidden on the main Server application administration window. The following services are now hidden and most of these services are planned to be removed from a later version of Server (macOS Server 5.8 for macOS 10.14 due in the autumn/fall of 2018):
  • Calendar
  • Contacts
  • Mail
  • Messages
  • VPN
  • Websites (Apache)
  • Wiki
  • DHCP
  • DNS
  • NetInstall
  • Open Directory
  • Software Update
The Server application administration window now only shows the following services:However, you can still access most of the hidden services by using the View menu from within the Server application:
Q. How can I buy/obtain macOS Server 5.4-5.6.3?
A. See our article on how to purchase/download it from the Mac App Store.
Q. What Macs can I install macOS Server 5.4-5.6.3 on?
A. macOS Server 5.4-5.6.3 requires a Mac that can run macOS 10.13 High Sierra.
Q. How can I check what specifications my computer has?
Q. Which Mac do I have?
MacA. You can check 'Processor', 'Memory' and macOS/OS X/Mac OS X 'Version' by going to Apple menu > About This Mac > Overview tab if necessary (hint - clicking on the version number will give you the 'build' number).
A. To check your Mac's 'Model Name' go to Apple menu > About This Mac > Overview tab if necessary > check for the computer name in the top line e.g. 'MacBook Pro' (this can only be checked with OS X 10.7 or later)
A. To check your Mac's model date version go to Apple menu > About This Mac > Overview tab if necessary > check the details after the Model Name e.g. 'Early 2015' (this can only be checked with OS X 10.7 or later) - to be more specific and exact you can check what 'Model Identifier' your Mac has by:
  • If you are running Mac OS X 10.6 or earlier go to Apple menu > About This Mac > click the 'More Info…' button > (the System Profiler application will open) select 'Hardware' in the top left > check what it says for 'Model Identifier' on the right.
  • If you are running OS X 10.7 or OS X 10.8 go to Apple menu > About This Mac > click the 'More Info…' button > (the System Information application will open) select 'Hardware' in the top left > check what it says for 'Model Identifier' on the right under 'Hardware Overview'.
  • If you are running OS X 10.9 or later go to Apple menu > About This Mac > click the 'Overview' tab in the top left > click the 'System Report…' button > (the System Information application will open) select 'Hardware' in the top left > check what it says for 'Model Identifier' on the right under 'Hardware Overview'.
A. To check what graphics capability your Mac has:
  • If you are running Mac OS X 10.6 or earlier go to Apple menu > About This Mac > click the 'More Info…' button > (the System Profiler application will open) select 'Graphics/Displays' under 'Hardware' in the top left (click the triangle down if necessary) > click on the 'Video Card' on the right to see the technical information below.
  • If you are running OS X 10.7 or OS X 10.8 go to Apple menu > About This Mac > click the 'More Info…' button > (the System Information application will open) select 'Graphics/Displays' under 'Hardware' in the top left (click the triangle down if necessary) > click on the 'Video Card' on the right to see the technical information below.
  • If you are running OS X 10.9 or later go to Apple menu > About This Mac > click the 'Overview' tab in the top left > click the 'System Report…' button > (the System Information application will open) select 'Graphics/Displays' under 'Hardware' in the top left (click the triangle down if necessary) > click on the 'Video Card' on the right to see the technical information below. With OS X 10.11 or later here you will also find whether your GPU supports 'Metal'.
A. To check your Mac's 'Model Number' it is usually printed/engraved on the outside of the computer somewhere (it usually begins with the letter A or M).MacOS
Q. I have a powerful Mac Pro / Xserve or a Mac with an early 'Core 2 Duo' which is a good Intel processor. Why can't I run macOS Server 5.4-5.6.3?
A. macOS Server 5.4-5.6.3 requires a Mac with macOS 10.13 High Sierra installed on it so you can only run macOS Server 5.4-5.6.3 on a Mac that supports macOS 10.13 High Sierra.
Q. If there is no physical macOS or Server discs and I install macOS + macOS Server 5.4-5.6.3 but run into trouble what can I do?
A. You have several options:
  • When macOS High Sierra + macOS Server 5.4-5.6.3 is installed it creates a special bootable emergency 'recovery' area on your hard disk.You can Use the macOS 'Recovery HD' to repair your hard disk and/or reinstall macOS + macOS Server 5.4-5.6.3 (internet connection required).
  • If you have created an emergency external USB recovery drive using Apple's Recovery Disk Assistant you can use it to boot your computer from and repair your hard disk and/or reinstall macOS + macOS Server 5.4-5.6.3 (internet connection required).
  • If you have a Time Machine backup disk it may have an macOS 'Recovery HD' partition on it which you can use to repair your hard disk and/or reinstall macOS + macOS Server 5.4-5.6.3 (internet connection required).
  • If you have obtained the macOS Disc Image you can use it to create an Install DVD then boot your computer from it and repair your hard disk and/or reinstall macOS + macOS Server 5.4-5.6.3
  • If you have created an External Installation Device you can use it to boot your computer and repair your hard disk and/or reinstall macOS + macOS Server 5.4-5.6.3
  • If you have created an Emergency Boot Drive for macOS you can use it to boot your computer and repair your hard disk.
Q. What should I do to prepare for macOS Server 5.4-5.6.3?
A. See this article.

Article Keywords: macOS 1013 High Sierra Server 5.4 5.6.x Frequently Asked Questions FAQ OSXserver54 OSXserver56

Macos Server 5.4 (beta 3) Mac Os X 10.13

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