VoiceOver is a built-in screen reader that describes aloud what appears on your computer screen: it speaks the text that’s in documents and windows. To turn on VoiceOver, press Command-F5.
When a supported refreshable braille display is connected to your computer, VoiceOver detects the display and sends it information about what’s on the screen using contracted or uncontracted braille. If you’re using a Multi-Touch trackpad, you can use VoiceOver gestures to navigate and interact with what’s on the screen. Using VoiceOver, you control the computer primarily with a keyboard, braille display, or trackpad, instead of the mouse.
On the far right, there are four abbreviated words: REC TRK EXT OVR, each with a small circle to their left. If you click the OVR word, its circle will turn green and you will write over text until. To fully exit out of any Mac program in OS X, you’ll need to use the Quit command with this shortcut, or click on the app menu, then choose Quit. Close Mac windows quickly.
When VoiceOver is on, you can use VoiceOver commands to navigate and interact with items on the screen. You enter VoiceOver commands by holding down the Control and Option keys together, along with one or more other keys. The Control and Option keys are called the “VoiceOver keys,” or “VO keys” for short. They are shown in commands as VO, as in VO-F1. You can assign VoiceOver commands to numeric keypad keys, keyboard keys, braille display input keys, and trackpad gestures, so you can use the commands with fewer keystrokes.
You use the VoiceOver cursor to move around the screen and hear descriptions of the items in the cursor. You use it to select buttons and other controls, and to read and edit text. The keyboard focus and mouse pointer work with the VoiceOver cursor in a variety of ways. You can configure them to follow each other, or use them separately to move in different applications at the same time.
The first time you start VoiceOver, you can choose to take the Quick Start tutorial, an interactive tour of VoiceOver navigation and interaction basics. When VoiceOver is on, you can start the tutorial at any time by pressing VO-Command-F8.
You can customize VoiceOver to best suit your needs using VoiceOver Utility.
Mac OS and Mac OS X use different charactersfrom Windows to indicate the end of each line in a plain text orRich Text Format (RTF) file. Windows places both a linefeed and a carriage return character at the end of each line, but MacOS uses only a carriage return character, and Mac OS X sometimes usescarriage returns and sometimes uses line feeds (but usually not both).Some Windows applications need to see line feed characters at the endsof lines, and may treat Mac-format files as giant single lines with anodd graphic character inserted where ends of lines should be. SomeMac OS and Mac OS X applications won't recognize the line feeds addedin Windows and will also display a box-like character at the start orend of each line after the first.
Note: This does not apply to files created usingapplications such as Word or WordPerfect; these applications savefiles in their own format which is designed to be cross-platform.
The simplest way to transfer the contents of a plain text or RTF fileis to copy and paste the contents from the file into an email message.
When you transfer a text file between Mac OS or Mac OS X and Windowswith an FTP or SFTP client, the program canconvert the end-of-line characters. Often they will do thisautomatically, but sometimes you have to change some settings. Forinformation about changing these settings, see the instructions below:
When using Transmit to move a text file between Windows andMac OS or Mac OS X, be sure the file is transferred inASCII mode. This will ensure that the document istransformed into a text format appropriate for the host. Normally,Transmit will automatically choose the mode in which to transfer afile; to force it to transfer files as text, from the Filemenu, select ASCII Mode.
When using Fetch M audio mobilepre usb preamp driver. to move a text file between Mac OS or MacOS X and Windows, be sure that the file is transferred while Fetch isin Text mode. This will ensure that the document is transformed intoa text format appropriate for the host. In Fetch 4, once you've made aconnection to the Windows computer, next to 'Mode:', selectText. In Fetch 3, once you've made a connection to theWindows computer, click the Text radio button.
When using MacSFTP to move a text file between Mac OS or Mac OS X andWindows, be sure that you have set the program to convert text files.To do this, from the MacSFTP menu (Mac OS X) or Editmenu (Mac OS 9), select Preferences... In thepreferences window, click the File-Transfer tab, then checkthe box next to Translate text files linefeeds. Click theSave button, and then MacSFTP will convert transferred textfiles.
When using Hummingbird to move a text file between Windows and Mac OSor Mac OS X, make sure the file is being transferred inASCII format. In Hummingbird, the default format is AutoTransfer. To change the format to ensure that the file is beingtransferred in ASCII, from the Options menu, choose ASCIITransfer.
SSH Secure File Transfer
When using SSH Secure File Transfer to move a text filebetween Windows and Mac OS or Mac OS X, make sure the file is beingtransferred in ASCII format. In SSH, the default format isAuto Transfer. To change the format to ensure that the file is beingtransferred in ASCII, go to the Edit menu, then selectSettings. On the left side of the window, click the+ (plus sign) next to Global Settings to expandit. In the list that opens, click the + (plus sign) next toFile Transfer to expand it. Select Mode, then, onthe right, select ASCII.
Command line FTP
Mac Shortcut For Crossing Out Text
When using a command line FTP program to move a text file betweenoperating systems, be sure the file is transferred in ASCII format.This will ensure that the document is transformed into a text formatappropriate for the host. At the FTP prompt, before beginning atransfer, enter the command: